At a glance 2017


All information is taken from the Engineering UK Report 2017.

Professional engineers earn a

higher average salary

than other professionals.

(£45,367 compared with £33,689)

Engineering employment

has grown by 2.3%

to more than 5.6 million.

Engineering generated


of the total UK GDP.

That's £486bn

Average starting salary for

engineering and technology graduates

is £25,880

compared to £22,000

for all graduates

Filling the skills gap:


the number of people

with engineering skills

needed per year

to 2024

2.65 million

engineering jobs

will need filling by 2024

(234,000 new positions

combined with 2.42 million

leaving engineering).

Aerospace accounts for

over 10% of

all research and development investment

in UK manufacturing

The most positive projection of graduates entering

into engineering

is still


fewer than needed.

Only 35% of STEM teachers

feel confident in giving

engineering careers advice.

Every £1

produced in engineering

means £1.45

generated elsewhere.

Only 15%

of UK first degree undergraduates studying engineering

were women.

Just 3.2%

of engineering and technology graduates

go to work in

finance or management consultancy.

50.7% of

GCSE physics entrants are male,

rising to

78.4% at A level


of schools in England do not have

a middle or senior leader responsible for career education and guidance.

In the past year the average full-time

civil engineering salary rose by 5%

(to £42,788)

and mechanical engineering by 3.6%

(to £45,429)

Very employable:

68% of engineering and technology graduates

were in full-time employment

within six months of graduating

compared with 58% of all graduates.


of engineering enterprises

have fewer than

10 employees.

In 2016

49% of GCSE

physics entrants were female

compared to 22%

at A level.

Girls outperform boys

in physics at GCSE

and A level

but constitute

less than a third of entries.

The number of engineering companies

in the UK

grew by 6.9%

to 651,000.

Turnover in

engineering enterprises

has grown by 2.4% to


That's 24.2% of the turnover

in all UK enterprises.


of mums

would recommend a career in engineering to their children

compared to


of dads

The UK automotive

industry exported

£34 billion

- 12% of total UK exports.


of manufacturers

plan to recruit

manufacturing and engineering apprentices in the next

12 months.

77% of businesses

expect to need more employees

with higher-level skills in the next 3-5 years;

just 3% expect to need fewer

Girls make up

less than one third

of A level and GCSE physics students


outperform boys

at both levels.

48% of engineering enterprises

say hard-to-fill vacancies

mean delays in new

products and services.

Overall, only 20% of applicants

to engineering courses were female.

Women were particularly underepresented

in mechanical (11.1%),

electronic and electrical (11.5%),

and aerospace engineering (15.2%)


of businesses are

not confident in finding

high-skilled employees

in the future.

Three quarters

of school leaders cover

maths and science lessons

with some non-specialist staff.

Half of manufacturers


training plans

to improve employee retention

Every time a new job is created

in engineering,

1.74 more jobs

are created elsewhere.

We need to support teachers and careers advisors

in understanding the range of

modern engineering roles,

career paths,

and vocational jobs

available in today's economy.

The average salary for full-time

engineering technicians

is £36,066

- higher than the UK average

of £33,689.

Women accounted for

only 22% of physics

and 39% of maths entrants

at A level.


of STEM teachers

feel that a career in engineering

is desirable for their students.

Up to third of schools in England,

had dropped careers

education from

the curriculum.

Engineering generated a higher GVA


than retail & wholesale (£193bn) and insurance (£125bn) combined.

University Technical College and Studio Schools

only accounted for less than

1% of the

total cohort in 2016

Less than a quarter of

University Technical College

pupils are female


Only 7%

of engineering apprenticeships achievements

were by women.


workplaces employed an apprentice

a 4.7% increase

To keep pace with demand, engineering companies

will need to recruit

over 56,000

engineering technicians per year

between 2014 and 2024


of 17-19 year old girls

would consider a career

in engineering.

Apprentices in engineering

are more likely to

be younger

than apprentices in England overall

(41% v 28% under 19).

We need to

double the number

of young people studying

GCSE physics as part of triple science

and increase physics A level study,

particularly involving


In 2015

a quarter of female and

29% of male 14-19 year olds

had not had any

work experience.


engineering related

apprenticeships achieved,

42% at Level 3+.

127,000 pupils (90.9%)

achieved grades A*-C

in GCSE physics

and 11,000 (74.0%)

achieved A-C in

National 5 Physics.

Across England, Wales

and Northern Ireland

25,000 pupils (71.4%)

achieved grades A*-C

A level physics

Of 526,887

first year

undergraduates overall,


were studying engineering

and technology (6.8%).


achievements in



apprenticeships (level 3).

Over four in ten

11-14 year olds

see a career in engineering as


While children

say they are more likely to act on careers advice from their parents than their teachers,

parents are

less likely

to recommend an engineering career.

75% of 17-19 year-old girls

say that

pay is important to them

when deciding a career.

Around three in five

17-19 year olds underestimate

graduate engineer starting salaries (58%)

Just 0.3%

of engineering enterprises

(those with 250+ employees)

employ 41.1%

of the engineering workforce.

In aerospace and space

productivity has grown by

39% since 2010.

The UK is the second most attractive place

globally to invest in renewable

marine energy.

7.1% of higher education

students were on

education and technology courses

Engineering enterprises


£1.24 trillion

of turnover

5.6 million people

are employed within


- an increase

of 2.3%

The number of


will remain roughly stable

until 2018 before dropping

8% by 2022.


people began engineering related appprenticeships in England,

the highest rate

in the last 10 years.

The future shortage

of engineers

and technicians will depend on the

attractiveness and accessibility

of the UK post-Brexit for highly

skilled immigrants to work and study.