At a glance 2020


All information is taken from the 2020 Excel Resource.

Only 63%

of physics teachers &


of maths teachers

have relevant post-A level qualifications

Women and people from
minority ethnic backgrounds

remain severely underrepresented

in engineering-related apprenticeships

In 2018 to 2019

STEM subjects were

4 of the top 10

most popular A level subjects

across England, Wales and Northern Ireland


could have a significant impact on the HE sector, in particular, for subjects like

engineering and technology

where a significant proportion of students are international

In 2019, only


of 11 to 19 year olds had heard about engineering careers from careers advisors

Design and technology GCSE entries decreased by


in 2018 to 2019

continuing a trend of long-term decline

Since 2009

the proportion of female engineering and

technology entrants has

increased by 5 percentage points

But gender disparities remain stark

Over the past 10 years, engineering and technology entries have increased

at first degree undergraduate & postgraduate research levels,

but declined at other undergraduate and postgraduate taught levels


of 11 to 19 year olds

said they knew little or

almost nothing about what engineers do


of 16 to 17 year olds in the UK

felt that subjects like science and maths

were more difficult than non-STEM subjects

Only 17.5%

of engineering teachers and


of computer science teachers
have a relevant post-A level qualification

Engineering-related apprenticeships

made up 26%

of all apprenticeship starts in 2018 to 2019

In 2018 to 2019,

30% of engineering and technology HE entrants

were from minority ethnic backgrounds,

which is higher than among the overall

student population (26%)

Engineering and technology was the second most popular

STEM subject area for EU students

studying in the UK in 2018 to 2019

74% of further education college principals

said engineering and manufacturing was

the most difficult subject to recruit teachers for

Female share of engineering and technology HE entrants in 2018 to 2019:

First degree (17.6%)

Other undergraduate (12.7%)

Postgraduate taught (28.1%)

Postgraduate research (26.5%)